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Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that result in damage to the optic nerve and cause vision loss.

The most common type is open-angle glaucoma with less common types including closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. Vision loss from glaucoma, once it has occurred, is permanent.

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Glaucoma symptoms

Open-angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain. Peripheral vision may begin to decrease followed by central vision resulting in blindness if not treated.

Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly. The sudden presentation may involve severe eye pain, blurred vision, mid-dilated pupil, redness of the eye, and nausea.


Of the several causes for glaucoma, ocular hypertension (the presence of elevated pressure inside the eye) is the most important risk factor in most glaucomas. Many people of East Asian descent are prone to developing angle closure glaucoma due to shallower anterior chamber depths, with the majority of cases of glaucoma in this population consisting of some form of angle closure.

Risk factors
Increased pressure in the eye
A family history of the condition
High blood pressure

Our primary goals for glaucoma management is to avoid glaucomatous damage and optic nerve damage, preserve visual field and to maintain quality of life for our patients. This requires appropriate diagnostic techniques and follow-up examinations. We give careful consideration to the selection of treatments for each individual patient.

Although is only one of the major risk factors for glaucoma, lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) via various pharmaceuticals and/or surgical techniques is currently the mainstay of glaucoma treatment.

Glaucoma: Book a consultation

Should you notice any symptoms of glaucoma, or feel you could be at risk, we recommend making an appointment with an ophthalmologist.

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