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As ophthalmologists, we are trained to diagnose and treat a range of eye conditions. We have listed some of the more common issues we treat below.

Corneal infections

The cornea is the front clear part of the eye which covers the iris and the round pupil.

Injury, abrasion or burns to the cornea can easily cause infections. Corneal infections or corneal ulcers usually present with redness of the eye, eye pain, eyelid swelling, the sensation of having something in the eye, excessive tearing, pus or discharge, sensitivity to light, or blurry or worsening vision. A white area or spot may be noted on the front of the eye.

More about corneal infections

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Keratoconus often affects both eyes and can cause a slow painless deterioration in vision.

This is a condition where the cornea (the clear front part of the eye) has an abnormal, weaker shape, and as a consequence the vision deteriorates over time. Typically, it begins in the late teens to early 20’s and slowly gets worse over 10-20 years.

More about keratoconus


This is a non-cancerous growth that occurs on your conjunctiva (the mucus membrane covering the eye) and can grow onto your cornea.

It is often wedge shaped and occurs more commonly in the nasal aspect of the eye, however can occur temporally. If the pterygium is small it is called a penguecula and may have no symptoms. As it grows larger it can be a cosmetic complaint or it can lead to dryness and irritation.

More about pterygiums

Eye toxicity screening

Certain medications used to treat arthritis and other autoimmune conditions can lead to increased retina damage.

Long-term these medications can have significant adverse effects on your eyesight. One such side effect is damage to the retina-specifically the macula (the central area of the retina that is responsible for our best vision) and it can potentially cause irreversible damage to this area known as maculopathy.

More about eye toxicity screening

Eyelid masses and eyelid problems

An eyelid mass refers to an abnormal growth or lump that develops on the eyelid. Eyelid problems encompass a range of conditions affecting the delicate tissues surrounding the eye.

Eyelid masses may arise due to various factors such as infections, inflammations, cysts, or even tumors, and often require medical evaluation and treatment by an ophthalmologist.

Other eyelid issues can include inflammation (such as blepharitis), infections (like styes) or drooping eyelids (ptosis). Proper diagnosis and management by an eye specialist are essential to address these concerns and prevent potential complications that may affect vision and eye health.


Blepharitis is a common and often chronic condition characterised by inflammation of the eyelids.

It typically affects the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow and can occur on both the upper and lower eyelids. It may also affect the tissues lining the lids and eyeballs (the conjunctiva) and the window of the eye (the cornea). Several different types of blepharitis may occur alone or in combination; these types involve either the lash bearing area (anterior blepharitis) or the area behind the lashes where the meibomian glands open (posterior blepharitis).

Symptoms of blepharitis can include redness, itching, irritation, burning sensation, tearing, crusty or greasy eyelids, and a feeling of something in the eye.

There are several factors that can contribute to blepharitis, including bacterial infections and dry eye.

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